♦有关 特蕾莎姆姆

 

大事记

♦早年

♦劳莱托

♦仁爱传教修女会的初始

♦新修会的成立 The New Congregation

♦最后的日 子

♦身后殊荣

 

 

 

 

 

早年

 

1910年

8月26日

巩霞·雅妮·博雅舒,父亲尼古拉,

母亲庄娜,出生在斯科普里,

为阿尔巴尼亚人後裔(即现在的马其顿共和国首都)

8月27日

于斯科普里圣心教堂领洗。

 

1916年

5岁半时初领圣体。

11月26日

领受坚振圣事。

 

1919年

父亲尼古拉去世。

 

1910-1923年

8月26日

12岁时,首次感受到修道生活的召叫。

 

 

 

 

 

劳莱托

 

1928年

9月26日

离开家乡,去往爱尔兰都柏林拉斯法曼加入

圣母会望会院)荣福童贞玛利亚修女会(劳莱托修会)。

 

 

10月12日

成为劳莱托修会望会生,

取会名(德兰)特蕾莎。(效仿里修圣女小德兰)

12月1日

乘船离开爱尔兰去往印度。

 

1929年

1月6日

到达印度加尔各答。

5月23日

在印度大吉岭分院成为初学生。

 

1931年

5月25日

在大吉岭,特蕾莎姆姆发初愿。

然后被派往加尔各答的圣母玛利亚学校(劳莱托修会办)教授地理和教理。

 

1935年

被派到加尔各答的圣德兰小学(圣德兰堂区)教书。

 

1942年

4月

我向天主許一个愿: 天主要求我的,我必給他,

“不会拒绝他任何要求,反悔如犯大罪。”

这隐藏了我內在的一切”。

 

1944年

           成为圣玛利亚学校校长,

并且负责圣安娜孝女会

(隶属于罗雷托修女会的孟加拉国分会)

 

 

 

仁爱传教修女会的初始

 

1946年

 9月10日

 “灵感之日”在一次从加尔各答到大吉岭的火车路途中,

受到了“召喚中的召喚”去“滿足十字架上的耶穌基督对爱与人灵的渴求”,

通过“为穷人中的穷人的得救和成圣而服務”。

这个召叫促使了后来仁爱传教修女会(MC)大家庭的兴起。

开始受到一系列内在的启示,一直持续到1947年中期。

 

1948年

4月12日

                      教宗碧岳十二世签发了敕令,

教廷准许了她离开罗雷托修女会,

开始她在加尔各答街头上服务穷人中的穷人的使命。

8月17日

                             离开罗雷托修院,第一次身着滾蓝边的白色沙丽,

前往帕特纳在医葯传教修女会那里学习基本的护理技巧,

为她的新使命做准备。

12月9日

                            返回加尔各答,在安贫小姐妹会那里做了一个八天避静。

12月21-23日

        在加尔各答贫民窟刚开始的那些日子:

Taltala(塔尔塔拉)和Pan Bagan(潘巴干)。

12月26日

                首次造访Tiljala(蒂尔贾拉贫民窟)。

12月27-28日

               拜访摩提吉贫民窟,召集儿童,开办她的第一所贫民窟学校。

 

1949年

2月26日

               搬到哥姆斯兄弟的家居住,

在克里科巷14号。

3月19日

         首个望会者,苏巴西妮.达斯

(圣艾格妮絲修女,仁爱传教修女会),

和德兰姆姆一起工作。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

新修会的成立 The New Congregation

1950年10月7日

 仁爱传教修女会以12为成员的情况下,

在加尔各答总主教伯多禄费尔南德的许可下,

在玫瑰圣母节这一天正式成立了。

这一天成为修会的“感恩日”,

每年修会在这一天会24小时明供圣体。

 

修会的庆节是8月22日,

圣母无玷圣心节。

 

1951年12月14日

取得印度公民身份。

 

 

 

 

1952年8月22日

圣母无玷圣心节,

在Kalighat建立第一个“垂死之家”,修会最宝贵的服务中心

1953年1月13日

开始建立“苦难同工会”

2月

设立总院于博思路

3月

第一次向伯多禄费迪南德主教倾吐大概在开始这份使命时就有的“心灵黑夜”。

 

4月12日

姆姆作为仁爱会修女发终身愿,

同时有10位修女发初愿。

 

1957年

决意成为喜乐的门徒来宽慰耶稣圣心

 

1959年1月

在蒂塔加尔(Titagarh)建立麻风病中心

5月29日

在兰契(Ranchi)建立加尔各答之外的第一个中心

 

1960年

第一次踏出印度,

到拉斯维加斯参加美国天主教妇女委员会年度大会

(the National Council of Catholic Womenin)。

 

1961年

经过11年的“心灵黑夜”的经验,

意识到这是使命工作的一部分,

帮助她同理那些最贫穷、

不被需要和不被爱者,

从而爱上这份经验。

 

1962年8月11日

 在菲律宾获得“麦格塞塞奖”,

第一个国际奖章。

 

1963年3月25日

 在加尔各答建立仁爱传教兄弟会(共同创始人为1966年加入的安德肋修士)

 

1965年2月1日

正式被教宗保禄六世批准为宗座修会

7月26日

在委内瑞拉建立了印度之外第一个会院。

 

1967-1969

在斯里兰卡的科伦坡,

坦桑尼亚的塔博拉,意大利的罗马,

澳大利亚的伯克建立了会院。

 

1969年3月29日

教宗保禄六世祝福了仁爱传教同工会的会宪。

 

 

 

 

1971年1月6日

被教宗保禄六世授予若望二十三世和平奖

10月16日

获得肯尼迪国际奖。

 

1972年7月12日

母亲在阿尔巴尼亚地拉那

(Tirana, Albania)逝世。

11月15日

获得尼赫鲁奖

 

1973年4月25日

获得邓普顿宗教促进奖。

 

1975年

仁爱传教会银庆,

在15个国家有85个会院,

人数超过1000人。

 

1976年6月25日

建立默观修女会(共创建者:尼尔马拉修女Nirmala)

 

1979年3月19日

在罗马建立默观兄弟会

(共创建者:塞巴斯蒂安神父Fr. Sebastian)

 

 

 

 

 

12月10日

因为在人权,尤其是关于反堕胎方面的突出贡献,

获得诺贝尔和平奖。

 

1980年3月22日

获得巴拉特·拉特纳奖(印度珍珠奖)

 

1981年6月26日

在罗马发起基督圣体圣血运动。

 

1983年6月

在罗马因为心脏问题入院检查

11月24日

获得伊丽莎白女王勋章

 

1984年10月13日

建立仁爱传教司铎会(共创建人:若瑟神父)

 

1985年12月24日

在纽约建立第一个艾滋病中心

 

 

 

 

1986年2月3日

 教宗若望保禄二世到访加尔各答垂死之家

 

1987年8月24日

获得苏联和平委员会金质奖章

 

1988年12月21日

在莫斯科开设第一座会院

 

1989年9月5日

在加尔各答医院接受心脏起搏器植入手术

 

 

 

 

最后的日子Last Years

 

1990年

请辞总会长一职,但在9月份再次当选。

 

1990-1997年

在其健康状况不断恶化的情况下,

仍活动非常频繁;在全世界建立了170多个会院,

包括:乌干达,巴基斯坦,

斯洛伐克,巴布亚新几内亚,

柬埔寨,阿尔巴尼亚,伊拉克,

德国,匈牙利,

洪都拉斯,也门,美国,

菲律宾,海地,乌兹别克斯坦。

 

1991年1月2日

写公开信给美国和伊拉克总统呼籲避免战争。

 

12月

在美国突发心脏病并接受血管手术。

 

1993年  接受心脏手术。

 

1996年

再次接受心脏手术,健康状况严重恶化。

 

1997年3月13日

尼玛拉修女(Sr. Nirmala M.C.)接任姆姆,

被选为新的总会长。

 

 

 

 五月到六月  最后旅行到罗马,纽约和华盛顿。

6月5日

接受美国国会金质奖章,

她一生中700多个奖中的最后一个。

9月5日

在加尔各答总会与世长辞,

享年87岁。

9月13日

印度为其举行国葬,葬于总会一楼大厅。

 

此时仁爱大家庭有3842位修女在120个国家594个会院,

363位修士在19个国家的68个会院,

14位默观修士在3个国家4个会院,

13位神父分布在3个国家的4个会院。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

身后殊荣

1999年6月12日

 教区开启特蕾莎姆姆封圣准备。

 

7月26日

教区加尔各答在圣玛利亚教堂开始特蕾莎姆姆封圣的调查程序。

 

 

 

2003年10月19日

教宗若望保禄二世在他作教宗25周年的主日弥撒中,

宣布特蕾莎姆姆为“真福”,

9月5日特蕾莎姆姆的纪念日。

 

2016年9月4日

教宗方济各在慈悲喜年宣布特蕾莎姆姆为圣人。

 

9月5日

全教会庆祝了第一个圣特蕾莎姆姆节日。

 

Saint Teresa of Calcutta, pray for us!

 

 

 

© Copyright 版權歸仁愛傳教修女會德蘭修女中心

 

Mother Teresa Center

3835 National Avenue

San Diego, CA 92113

USA

-------------------------------------------------

mtc@motherteresa.org

www.motherteresacenter.org

-------------------------------------------------

♦Italiano  ♦English  ♦Español  ♦Français  ♦Português  ♦Deutsch  ♦中文

 

首页     ●有关     ●祷告    ●消息    ●刊物     ●藏书     ●多媒体     ●档案     ●联系信息

♦Mother Teresa of Calcutta

 

IMPORTANT DATES

♦Early Years

♦Loreto

♦Beginning of the

Missionaries of Charity

♦The New Congregation

♦Last Years Last Years

♦Her Legacy and Reputation

of Holiness

 

 

 

 

 

Early Years

 

                                           1910

                                                   26 August

                                                   Born Gonxha Agnes Bojaxhiu to Nikola

                                                   and Drana (of Albanian descent) in Skopje,

                                                   present-day Macedonia.

 

                                    27 August

                                                   Receives Baptism in Sacred Heart Church in Skopje.

 

                                                1916

                                    Receives First Communion at the age

                                    of five and a half.

 

                                                   26 November

                                                   Receives the sacrament of Confirmation.

 

                                                1919                                    

                                                   Her father Nikola dies.

 

                                                1910-1923

                                    26 August

                                                   Feels the call to religious life for the first time

                                     at age twelve.

 

 

 

 

Loreto

 

                                                1928

                                    26 September

                                                   Leaves home to enter the Institute of the

                                                   Blessed Virgin Mary (Loreto Sisters) at

                                                   Rathfarnham in Dublin, Ireland.

 

                                    12 October

                                                   Becomes a Loreto postulant and takes the name

                                                   Teresa (after St. Thérèse of Lisieux).

 

                                    1 December

                                                   Leaves Ireland by ship for India.

 

                                                1929  

                                               6 January

                                                   Arrives in Calcutta, India.

 

                                    23 May

                                                   Becomes a novice in Darjeeling, India.

 

                                                1931

                                    25 May

                                                   Profession of first vows as Sister Teresa in Darjeeling.

                                                   Given her first assignment to teach geography and

                                                   catechism in St. Mary's School (Loreto), Calcutta.

 

                                                1935

                                     Additional assignment to St. Teresa's Primary

                                     School (St. Teresa's Church), Calcutta.

 

                                                1942

                                    April

                                                   Makes “a vow to God, binding under [pain of] mortal

                                                   sin, to give to God anything that He may ask,

                                                   ‘Not to refuse Him anything.’”

                                                    “This is what hides everything in me”.

.

 

                                                1944

                                                   Becomes principal of St. Mary's School and put

                                                   in charge of the Daughters of St. Anne (Indian

                                                   religious community affiliated to the Loreto Sisters).

 

 

 

Beginning of the

Missionaries of Charity

 

                                                1946

                                    10 September “Inspiration Day”

                                                   On a train journey from Calcutta to

                                                   Darjeeling, receives the “call within a call”

                                                   to “quench the infinite thirst of Jesus on the Cross

                                                   for love and souls” by “laboring at the salvation and

                                                   sanctification of the poorest of the poor”. This call

                                                   was to give rise to the Missionaries of Charity (MC)

                                                   family.  Begins to receive a series of interior

                                                   locutions that continues until mid-1947.

 

                                                1948

                                    12 April

                                                   Decree of Exclaustration granted by Pope Pius XII -

                                                   permission from the Holy See to leave Loreto in

                                                   order to begin her mission among the poorest of the

                                                   poor in the streets of Calcutta.

 

                                    17 August

                                                   Leaves Loreto, wearing a white, blue-bordered

                                                   sari for the first time, and goes to Patna for a medical

                                                   course with the Medical Mission Sisters as

                                                   preparation for her new mission.

 

                                    9 December

                                                   Returns to Calcutta and makes an eight-day retreat,

                                                   staying with the Little Sisters of the Poor.

 

                                    21-23 December

                                                   First days among the poor in Calcutta slums: Taltala

                                                   and Pan Bagan.

 

                                    26 December

                                                   First visit to Tiljala slums.

 

                                    27-28 December

                                                   Visits Motijhil slums, gathers children and starts her

                                                   first slum school.

 

                                                1949

                                    26 February

                                                   Moves to the upper floor of the Gomes family house

                                                   at 14 Creek Lane.

 

                                    19 March

                                                   First candidate, Subashini Das (Sr. Agnes, M.C.),

                                                   joins Mother Teresa.

 

 

 

The New Congregation

                                                1950

                                    7 October

                                                   Society of the Missionaries of Charity Sisters

                                                   - at the time 12 members - officially established

                                                   on the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary

                                                   as a diocesan congregation in the Archdiocese of

                                                   Calcutta under Archbishop Ferdinand Périer, S.J.

 

                                                   This day, known as “Thanksgiving Day”, is

                                                   commemorated annually by the MC sisters with

                                                   all-day Eucharistic Adoration.

 

                                                   Feast of the Society: 22 August, Immaculate Heart

                                                   of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

 

                                               1951

                                    14 December

                                                   Receives Indian citizenship.

 

                                                1952

                                    22 August

                                                   Opens first home for the sick and dying,

                                                   Nirmal Hriday (Pure Heart) - “Treasure House” of

                                                   the Congregation -in Kalighat on the feast of the

                                                    Immaculate Heart of Mary.

 

                                               1953

                                    13 January

                                                   Begins the Sick and Suffering Co-Workers.

 

                                    February

                                                   Moves to present-day Motherhouse at 54A, Lower

                                                   Circular Road (presently A. J. C. Bose Road).

 

                                    March

                                                   First disclosure (to Archbishop Périer) of the “terrible

                                                   darkness within” existing “more or less from the time

                                                   I started ‘the work’ ”.

 

                                    12 April

                                                   Mother Teresa's final profession of vows as an

                                                   MC and first profession of the first ten sisters.

 

                                               1957

                                                   Resolves “to become an apostle of joy to console

                                                   the Sacred Heart of Jesus through joy”.

 

                                               1959

                                    January

                                                   Starts a center for leprosy sufferers at Titagarh.

 

                                    29 May

                                                   Founds first mission outside Calcutta in Ranchi.

 

                                   1960

                                    January

                                                   First trip out of India to the convention of the

                                                   National Council of Catholic Women

                                                   in Las Vegas, USA.

 

                                               1961

                                                   After 11 years, “comes to love the darkness”

                                                   realizing  hat it is the spiritual side of her work,

                                                   an identification  with the poorest of the poor,

                                                   the unwanted and unloved.

 

                                  1962

                                    11 August

                                                   Receives first international award, Ramon

                                                   Magsaysay Award, in the Philippines.

 

                                  1963

                                    25 March

                                                   Opens first home for the sick and dying, Nirmal

                                                   Hriday (Pure Heart) - “Treasure House” of the

                                                   Congregation -in Kalighat on the feast of the

                                                    Immaculate Heart of Mary.

 

                                               1965

                                    1 February

                                                   The Missionaries of Charity becomes an institute of

                                                   Pontifical Right, that is, directly under the Pope's

                                                   authority.

 

                                    26 July

                                                   Founds first mission outside India in Cocorote,

                                                   Venezuela.

 

                                               1967-1969

                                                   Opens missions in Colombo (Sri Lanka), Tabora

                                                   (Tanzania), Rome (Italy), Bourke (Australia).

 

                                  1969

                                    29 March

                                                   The Co-Workers of Mother Teresa have their

                                                   Constitutions blessed by Pope Paul VI.

 

                                  1971

                                    6 January

                                                   Receives Pope John XXIII Peace Prize, presented by

                                                   Pope Paul VI.

 

                                    16 October

                                                   Receives John F. Kennedy International Award.

 

                                  1972

                                    12 July

                                                   Her mother Drana dies in Tirana, Albania.

 

                                    18 October

                                                   Receives John F. Kennedy International Award..

 

                                    15 November

                                                   Receives Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International

                                                   Understanding.

 

                                  1973

                                    25 April

                                                   Receives Templeton Prize for “Progress in Religion”.

 

                                  1975

                                                   Celebration of the Silver Jubilee of the Missionaries

                                                   of Charity; the Society numbers over a thousand

                                                   sisters in 85 foundations in 15 countries.

 

                                  1976

                                    25 June

                                                   Founds Missionaries of Charity Contemplative Sisters

                                                   in New York (Co-foundress: Sr. Nirmala, M.C.).

 

                                  1979

                                    19 March

                                                   Founds Missionaries of Charity Contemplative

                                                   Brothers in Rome (Co-founder: Fr. Sebastian, M.C.).

 

 

                                    10 December

                                                   Receives Nobel Peace Prize

                                                   Respect for every human life,

                                                                   particularly her stance against

                                                                   abortion, becomes a recurrent

                                                                    theme in her speeches.

 

                                  1980

                                    22 March

                                                   Receives Bharat Ratna

                                                   (Jewel of India) Award.

 

                                  1981

                                    26 June

                                                   Founds Corpus Christi Movement for diocesan

                                                   priests in Rome.

 

                                  1983

                                    June

                                                   Hospitalized in Rome for a heart condition.

                                    24 November

                                                   Receives Order of Merit from Queen Elizabeth.

 

                                  1984

                                    13 October

                                                   Founds Missionaries of Charity Fathers

                                                   in New York (Co-founder: Fr. Joseph, M.C.).

 

                                  1985

                                    24 December

                                                   Opens first home for AIDS patients in New York.

 

                                  1986

                                    3 February

                                                   Pope John Paul II visits

                                                   Nirmal Hriday in Calcutta.

 

                                  1987

                                    24 August

                                                   Receives Gold Medal of the

                                                   Soviet Peace Committee.

 

                                  1988

                                    21 December

                                                   Founds first mission in Moscow,

                                                   former U.S.S.R.

 

                                  1989

                                    5 September

                                                   Hospitalized in Calcutta,

                                                   undergoes pacemaker implant surgery.

 

 

 

Last Years

                                  1990

                                                   Resigns as Superior General

                                                   but is re-elected in September.

                                                   1990 - 1997 are years of intense

                                                   activity, even as her health

                                                   deteriorates; opens more than

                                                   170 houses around the world,

                                                   including in Uganda, Pakistan,

                                                   Slovakia, Papua New Guinea, Cambodia, Albania,

                                                   Iraq, Germany, Hungary, Honduras, Yemen, U.S.A.,

                                                   Philippines Haiti, Uzbekistan.

 

                                  1991

                                    2 January

                                                   Writes open letter to the presidents of the United

                                                   States and of Iraq to avert war.

 

                                    December

                                                   Has a heart attack and angioplasty in USA.

 

                                  1993

                                                   Undergoes heart surgery.

 

                                  1996

                                                   Undergoes further heart surgery; health seriously

                                                   deteriorates.

 

                                  1997

                                    13 March

                                                   Sr. Nirmala, M.C. elected to succeed Mother Teresa

                                                   as Superior General.

 

                                    May-June

                                                   Last journey to Rome, New York, and

                                                   Washington, D.C.

 

                                    5 June

                                                   Receives United States Congressional Gold Medal,

                                                   the last of more than 700 awards and honors

                                                   bestowed upon her during her lifetime.

 

                                    5 September

                                                   Dies in Motherhouse,

                                                   Calcutta, at age 87.

                                    13 September

                                                   Given a state funeral and

                                                   buried in Motherhouse.

                                                   At her death, there are

                                                   3,842 sisters serving in 594

                                                   houses in 120 countries,

                                                   363 active brothers in 68 houses in 19 countries,

                                                   14 contemplative brothers in 4 houses in 3 countries,

                                                   13 fathers in 4 houses in 3 countries.

 

 

 

Her Legacy and

Reputation of Holiness

                                  1999

                                    12 June

                                                   Diocesan phase of the Cause of

                                                   Beatification and Canonization of

                                                   Mother Teresa opens.

 

                                    26 July

                                                   Opening session of the Diocesan

                                                   Inquiry into Mother Teresa’s life,

                                                   virtues and reputation of sanctity held in St. Mary's

                                                   Church, Calcutta.

 

                                  2003

                                    19 October

                                                   Pope John Paul II declares Mother Teresa “Blessed”

                                                   on Mission Sunday, concluding the week-long

                                                   celebration for the 25th anniversary of his pontificate.

                                                   September 5 is established as her liturgical feast.

 

                                  2016

                                    4 September

                                                   Pope Francis Canonized  Blessed Mother Teresa

                                                   during the during this Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy.

 

                                   2016

                                    5 September

                                                   The universal Church celebrated Saint Teresa Teresa

                                                   1st Feast.

Saint Teresa of Calcutta, pray for us!

 

 

 

Text © Mother Teresa Center of the Missionaries of Charity